Criticism

Download PDF by David A. Hanser: Architecture of France

By David A. Hanser

ISBN-10: 0313319022

ISBN-13: 9780313319020

Protecting all areas of France, from Avignons Palace of the Popes to Versailles Petit Trianon, and all classes of French structure, from the Roman theater at Orange to the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, this quantity examines greater than 60 of Frances most crucial architectural landmarks. Writing in a transparent and interesting variety, David Hanser, professor of structure at Oklahoma nation collage, describes the gains, features, and ancient value of every constitution. along with opting for place, kind, architects, and sessions of preliminary development and significant preservation, the cross-referenced and illustrated entries additionally spotlight architectural and old phrases defined within the thesaurus and finish with an invaluable directory of additional readings.
The quantity additionally bargains ready-reference lists of entries through position, architectural type, and period of time, in addition to a normal bibliography, a subject matter index, and a close introductory review of French structure. Entries disguise significant architectural buildings in addition to smaller websites, together with every little thing from the Cathedral of Notre Dame to Metro (subway) stations. themes comprise: BLAigues-Mortes BLArc de Triomphe BLBasilica of the Sacre Coeur BLChartres Cathedral BLEiffel Tower BLFontainbleau BLLouvre and Tuileries Gardens BLMadeleine BLMont St. Michel BLNimes Amphitheater BLParis Opera (Palais Garnier) BLPompidou middle BLReims Cathedral BLVersailles BLVilla Savoye excellent for school and highschool scholars alike, this entire examine the structure of France is an indispensible addition to any shelf.

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A half hour's walk toward it from the Place de la Concorde scarcely seems to bring one much closer. This illusion results from the arch's elegant simplicity. Its mass is not broken down by the multitude of moldings, openings, or decorations that allow one to understand the size of most buildings; everything about it is big. It is about the height of a typical fifteen-story building (162 feet from the ground to the top of the guard railing) and almost exactly as wide as it is tall. The arched opening in the center is itself almost ten stories (100 feet) high.

It occupies a curved corner site where a street running south toward the Pantheon intersects with the busy street that runs along the Seine, the Quai Saint Bernard. Jean Nouvel designed the institute as two blocks separated for most of their length by a long slot that leads to a square courtyard. He curved the block toward the Quai to match the curve in the street and made it a bit lower than the rear block. By maintaining a height similar to that of the other buildings in the quarter, and by softening and reducing the scale of the all-glass wall with a multitude of horizontal, metal fins that spread like a grid of mechanical lace over it, Nouvel designed this north facade to allude to the scale and fine detail of the old city.

Delorme conceived it as a pyramidal stack of blocks: the lowest level is an arch, containing the main, rectangular doorway, flanked by two smaller arched doorways framed by Doric columns and their entablatures. ) This combination of openings and columns creates the effect of a Roman triumphal arch like that at Orange, but it can also be interpreted as a Palladian motif, an architectural figure popular in the sixteenth century. Such multiple interpretations of architectural features indicate that at the very least Delorme was familiar with what was then fashionable in Italy.

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Architecture of France by David A. Hanser


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